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Water Softener Services for Residential Properties by JC Plumbing

Water softeners are used in the reduction of the concentration of calcium, magnesium, and certain other impurities that may be found in hard water. These ions that make the water be hard can cause a variety of undesired effects, including interfering with the action of soaps, the buildup of limescale, which can foul plumbing, and galvanic corrosion. These unwanted water hardeners can also cause sickness to people at the same time; it can also be good to some.

Water softeners are specific ion exchangers that are designed for the sole purpose of removing ions, which are positively charged.

Softeners mainly remove calcium and magnesium ions. Calcium and magnesium are what essentially make water be termed as hard. The Calcium and Magnesium ions are referred to as hardness minerals.

Softeners are sometimes even applied to remove iron. The softening devices are able to remove up to five milligrams per literof dissolved iron.
Softeners can operate automatic, semi-automatic, or manual. Each type is rated on the amount of hardness it can remove before regeneration is necessary.

A water softener collects hardness minerals within its conditioning tank and from time to time flushes them away to drain.

Ion exchangers are often used for water softening. When an ion exchanger is applied for water softening, it will replace the calcium and magnesium ions in the water with other ions, for instance sodium or potassium. The exchanger ions are added to the ion exchanger reservoir as sodium and potassium salts.

Picking the right water softeners is an important step in the purification of your water. In order to understand sizing, it is best to understand how it all works. What water softeners do is trade “hard” minerals in water for “soft” minerals in water. The typical trade is as calcium, which is a hard mineral, enters a water softener it is traded for sodium, which is considered a soft mineral. Inside water softeners are a bunch of chemical magnets called ion exchange resin. These little chemical magnets do the trading. The more chemical magnets that are present in softeners, the higher the capacity is.

Capacity is the amount of gallons a softener will purify before you need to recharge it.
Water softeners are generally easy thing to do, but the chemical reaction that takes place in the solution once water softeners are introduced into hard water is something that only chemistry students will understand and appreciate.